Computers And Industry

Configuring Backup In Windows 10


A Backup is defined as a copy of files made at a certain point of time. If computer files get corrupted, one can restore the backup and thus recreate the corrupted files as they were at the time the backup was done. A backup is considered as an intermediary component in a total backup solution.

It lies between the system image and Windows File History in terms of timeliness; with the System Image being the farthest from the current point in time and the File History which is near real time.

Windows 10 offers the backup utility that was present in Windows 7 (but not in Windows 8). By setting up Backup, the computer will, at a specific point in time (i.e. every Sunday at 11:00 PM), make a copy of all the configured files and place them in the backup location. This location is usually an external drive or a second hard drive located within the computer. Therefore, to use Windows Backup...

ONE MUST HAVE EITHER A SECOND HARD DRIVE
OR AN EXTERNAL HARD DRIVE CONNECTED TO THE COMPUTER.

Unfortunately, Windows Backup will not work with a Virtual Hard Drive as the Virtual Hard Drive is not guaranteed to be online all the time. To configure Windows Backup, please do the following.

1. Right click the mouse on the Windows Start icon and select Control Panel from the menu.
2. On the Control Panel screen, click the Backup And Restore, (Windows 7) icon..

3. On the Backup Or Restore Your Files screen, click on the Setup Backup link.

4. On the Select Where You Want To Store Your Backups screen, select the drive on which you wish to store your backup. Click Next. Note, Windows Backup will create a folder on this drive.

5. On the What Do Want To Backup screen, select either Let Windows Choose or Let Me Choose options. If the Let Windows Choose option is selected, the utility will select for the most part all libraries, for all users, their desktops, and their configuration data (AppData Hidden Folders). If the Let Me Choose option is selected, then one will be presented with a dialog which will allow the discreet selection of files and folders on the system. (All Drives). For the purposes of this instruction, the Let Me Choose option is chosen.

6. On the What Do You Want To Back Up screen, uncheck all the options under Data Files and select specific files and folders under the Computer option. Note that clicking on the little gray arrows expands the folders. Check off all folders as so desired. Then, click Next.

NOTE: Check off the Include A System Image Of Drives: (C:) Windows Recovery Environment. The system image is not necessary because a the Windows Recovery Drive should be created separately.

7. On the Review Your Backup Settings screen, click on the Change Schedule link. This will allow one to configure the backup at a more reasonable time that coincides with the computer not being in use.

8. On the How Often Do You Want To Back Up screen, specify the frequency (Daily, Monthly, Weekly), On what day (applicable only to Monthly / Weekly options), and the time. Also, the option Run Backup On A Schedule should be checked. This will make an entry into the Windows Task Scheduler such that the backup will run at the precise point in time as was specified. Click OK. You will next transition back to the Review Your Backup Settings screen.

9. Now back on the Review Your Backup Settings screen, click on the Save Settings And Run Backup button. The backup will begin to run. As the backup is running, you will see a progress screen which indicates how things are going. Backing up will take some time.

10. When the process is complete, exit out. The next backup will run at the specifed date and time.



Backup Registry Entries

The registry entries for Windows Backup are located at:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SOFTWARE/Microsoft/Windows/CurrentVersion/WindowsBackup

If you would like to reset Windows Backup to the Unconfigured state, the subfolders to this key (ScheduleParams, Security, and Status) may all be deleted. In the WindowsBackup folder, the DisableMonitoring and ValidConfig values can be deleted as well.

The meanings of each of the keys is best left for a future discussion.

Windows Backup Task Scheduler Entries

To see, modify, delete the Task Scheduler entries for Windows Backup, please do the following.

1. Right click the mouse on the Windows Start Menu icon and select Computer Management from the menu.
2. Double Click on the Task Scheduler list item entry to expand the folder.
3. Double Click on the Task Scheduler Library list item entry to expand the folder.
4. Double Click on the Microsoft list item entry to expand the folder.
5. Now locate and select the WindowsBackup folder in the list. The associated scheduled tasks will appear in the center pane. Note, you can delete these entries if you no longer wish Windows Backup to run on a schedule.
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